SOC 450 SU Impact of Climate Change on Population Growth & Food Security Essay

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  1. The Impact of Climate Change on Population Growth and Food Security             The  United Nations has hired you as a consultant, and your task is to  assess the impact that global warming is expected to have on population  growth and the ability of societies in the developing world to ensure  the adequate security of their food supplies.      Assessment      As  the world’s population nears 10 billion by 2050, the effects of global  warming are stripping some natural resources from the environment.  As  they diminish in number, developing countries, in particular, will face  mounting obstacles to improving the livelihoods of their citizens and  stabilizing their access to sufficient amounts of food.  The reason  these governments are struggling even now is that our climate influences  their economic health and the consequent diminishing living standards  of their peoples.  Indeed, climate changes are responsible for the  current loss of biodiversity as well as the physical access to some  critical farming regions.  As such, these changes in global weather  patterns diminish agricultural output and the distribution of food to  local and international markets.  These difficulties will become even  more significant for these countries as the Earth’s climate changes for  the worse, because temperatures are already increasing incrementally and  polar ice caps are melting, so the salient question is: what does this  suggest for developing societies?      The  issue before the developing world is not its lack of food, but rather  how to gain access to it.  Simply put, changes in our climate are  affecting the global food chain, and hence, the living standards of  entire populations.  Added to this is the fact that food is not getting  to where it is needed in time to prevent hunger or starvation, and in  many developing countries, shortages are due to governments’ control  over distribution networks rather than an insufficient supply of food  itself.  In effect, these governments are weaponizing food by favoring  certain ethnic or religious groups over others, so when added to  dramatic climate changes that we are experiencing even now, the future  for billions of poor people looks increasingly dim.     
    • You  must include a cover page with your name, title of course, date and the  name of your instructor.  This does not count toward your total. 
    • You must write at least a one-half page introduction to the subject.
    1. What are greenhouse gases and how do they contribute to global warming? 
    2. What  kinds of economic challenges do these emissions pose to the people of  the developing world?  (Note that this question does not ask about  conditions in the developed world – only the developing).  
    3. What is food insecurity (as opposed to hunger) and what is the relationship between it and population growth? 
    4. What role do developing world governments play in aggravating food insecurity? 
    5. What factors specifically interrupt the flow of food from its sources to populations in the developing world?