MEA 2203 Rasmussen College Treatment Options for Stroke Pathophysiology Discussion
- February 06, 2022/ Homework Tutors
Heart disease remains the number one cause of death in the U.S. but there has been amazing progress in how we treat it through lifestyle changes, medications, and surgery. Complications for cardiac surgery can include acute kidney injury. Treatment options can include the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, for example dexamethasone, to prevent these complications. For your discussion post:
- Discuss how acute kidney injury can be a complication of cardiac surgery.
- Describe long term effects of the use of anti-inflammatory drugs
Treatment options for acute and chronic diseases continue to advance in efforts to cure diseases or manage symptoms and improve quality of life. While working in healthcare, it is important to be able to research treatment options to understand the different treatments or questions patients may need to consider.
The kidneys and heart are closely linked. The unfortunate link of
acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery is well known. Acute kidney
injury can lead to higher mortality rates and longer stay in the ICU.
There isn’t a single determining factor of what causes the kidney injury
after cardiac surgery but preexisting co morbidities such as prior
kidney disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure have been indicators
of patients that have experienced more severe complications. Some
medications such as diuretics and anti-inflammatory medications are also
indications of issues that may occur after surgery.
Long term side effects of anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) can be
fatigue, fluid retention, chest pain, severe stomach pain, unusual
weight gain, and bloody/cloudy urine. NSAID use increases the risk of
peptic ulcer disease, acute renal failure, and stroke. NSAIDs can also
increase the probability of heart disease. It is not recommended to take
anti-inflammatory medications for longer than 10 days without
consulting with a doctor.
Ortega-Loubon, C., Fernández-Molina, M., Carrascal-Hinojal, Y.,
& Fulquet-Carreras, E. (2016). Cardiac surgery-associated acute
kidney injury. Annals of cardiac anaesthesia, 19(4), 687–698. https://doi.org/10.4103/0971-9784.191578