El Cajon Valley High School Psychology Significance of First Impressions Questions

Description

Short answers to these questions from chapter 13 & 14

CHAPTER 13

  • Discuss the significance of first impressions, the fundamental attribution error, and the correspondence bias
  • Describe the factors that influence attitude formation and the role of cognitive dissonance
  • Distinguish between the terms social norms and social roles and discuss how they relate to the Stanford Prison experiment. Describe what took place in the study and why it was terminated early
  • Define the term obedience and discuss the results and implications of the Milgram experiments on obedience. Discuss what implications these results have on our understanding of human nature
  • Identify and describe three techniques of compliance and how each works to persuade us
  • Define the terms prejudice, stereotyping and discrimination and discuss how prejudices develop and how they can be reduced
  • Explain what took place during the Asch experiments on conformity and what factors seem to affect the likelihood of conformity
  • Describe each of the group processes that demonstrate that individual behavior can be influenced by belonging to a group
  • Describe each of the factors that influence attraction
  • Discuss how altruistic behaviors are influenced versus situations where aggression and deindividuation occurs

CHAPTER 14 

  • Identify and describe the criteria that suggest abnormality and psychopathology
  • Discuss the significance of the DSM-5 and the reasons why it is useful for trained professionals
  • Identify and describe each of the following Anxiety Disorders: Phobias; Panic Disorder; Generalized Anxiety Disorder; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder; Body-Dysmorphic Disorder 
  • Identify and describe the following  Dissociative Disorders: Dissociative Amnesia and Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Distinguish between Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder. Discuss the causes and symptoms of each
  • Identify and describe three Personality Disorders and identify to which cluster each belongs
  • Discuss the causes and symptoms of schizophrenia 
  • Identify and describe the following two neurodevelopmental disorders that are most commonly diagnosed during childhood and adolescence: ADD/ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorder