AMU The Environmental Influence Role in Cognitive Development Discussion


Respond to 2 discussion 150 words min each

Primary question was

1- Discuss environmental influences on early cognitive development for infants and toddlers.

2- What are notable differences for at-risk infants and toddlers?

3- How would culture differences impact this early cognitive development?


1. TIn the lesson, environmental influences on early cognitive development for infants and toddlers include providing infants and toddlers with proper brain and environmental stimulations, observation and experience, and exploration. I have talked about this in week 3 assignment; babies need a safe and proper environment equipped with brain stimulation as well as environmental stimulations in order for them to develop properly. Along with brain stimulation, they also need positive experiences, responses and care from parents or caregiver, how much physical interaction presents, how connected the child and the parent(s) are emotionally, and how much parents talk/read to their child. Providing them with a child proof environment for infants and toddlers is another great way to help their cognitive development. Instead of following them around and saying ‘no’ to everything they touch around the house, you can simply remove breakable stuff and replace them with fun toys or stuff they will have fun playing with, like pots, tupperwares, and such. Notable differences for at-risk infants and toddlers are development delay (cognitive, social, emotional, and mental), along with behavior problem and language delay. “Children with extensive exposure to low quality child care in early childhood have lower cognitive, language, academic, and social skills in school years” . Of course there will be a gap between infants and toddlers who receive age-appropriate brain and environmental stimulations, social interaction, support and interaction with parents, and so on and those who don’t. It explains the gap between families with high socioeconomic status and low socioeconomic status. I want to talk about culture differences in child, specifically younger siblings who are born into a large family and have one or more siblings. They are benefitted because they will have more social interaction which will help them with language development and social development. They have playmates to be engaged in different types of plays, such as pretend play, to help them emotionally and mentally grow too. Also, parents already went through trial and error’s with the older ones, so they know what helps them developmentally better than before. Well, at least I do and I would say my younger one is more advanced and seems to know what’s going on around him better than my first child at this age!

2. The environment in a child is raised effects them in many ways to begin with their household. The kind of responses and support or lack of support they receive can either benefit them or harm them in the future. For parents to allow children the space and freedom to roam and experience new ventures for themselves, gives the child confidence and trust in their surroundings. Another environment in which the child may grow is in their school or among society with other children or adults whom are not their parents. In a school environment, they should be given a routine, teaching them order and discipline, Children who are also around other children with possible somewhat the same morals and manners, tend to follow the same principles as them. They will be less likely to veer off to a completely different direction that is not as beneficial to them.

A few of the notable differences that are noticed are the increased stress levels which result in language barriers, learning disabilities, and even behavior and attitude changes. When a child has a high level of stress at home and feels they cannot bring up questions or conflicts to their parents, and seek guidance, then eventually the child will cease to ask or explore, therefore hindering their sense of curiosity and the will to want to learn. Children who come are affected by their environment in a positive way show signs of eagerness for learning, wanting to further explore new ideas and seek the help of others.

Culture has numerous impacts, one being in their language. Children go to school generally speaking what is most spoken at home, and if the child is fortunate to be bilingual then there could be a language barrier at school, which may require more work in their second language. Another impact is the way that children perceive or receive things that may not be as true to the eye. Emotions, mentalities, and religion can affect them by giving them a different perspective, which can brighten their horizons to become adults who think outside the box, and also consider ideas of more than their own, which is absolutely great.